District Profile

Preamble

             Krishi Vigyan Kendra(KVK), Selsura, Dist. Wardha was established on 27 December1979, under the administrative control of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola.

             The office of KVK is located at village Selsura on Wardha-Yavatmal state highway and is 11 km away from Wardha.

             Wardha falls under assured rainfall zone comes under Agro climatic zone-XI and has basically agriculture oriented economy. The maximum length of the district is 125 km and its breadth at the southern extremities is about 58 km. The rainfall distribution in Wardha district shows that southern parts of the district received more rainfall than northern parts.

DETAILS OF DISTRICT

Agricultural and allied census

Geographical area                               :           6, 28,904 ha.(2.06% of M.S.)

Cultivable   area                                   :           4, 46,288 ha.

Area under irrigation  (2017-18)      :           1,45,469.11 ha. (12.70%)

District average rainfall (June-Oct) :           923.44 mm

Actual rainfall (June-Oct 2017)        :           732.9mm (79.40 %)

Total Number of farmers                   :           1,96,210

                                    Small                  :           1,18,852         

                                    Medium             :           75,583

                                    Large                  :           1775

Total Taluka’s                                              :           08
No. of Grampanchayat                             :          517                                                              

No. of Villages                                       :         1382

2.1. Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

2.1.1 Major farming system

 

2.1.3. Micro Farming systems
Agriculture crops

 

Agri + Horti + Dairy

 

Rainfed Cotton

 

Agri + Dairy

 

Rainfed Soybean

 

Agri + Goat farming

 

Rainfed Jawar

 

Agri + Sericulture

 

Irrigated Wheat

 

Agri + Horticulture

 

Irrigated Gram

 

Agri. + Horti. + Poultry

 

Irrigated Summer Groundnut

 

2.1.4. Major production systems

 

 

2.1.2. Major Inter cropping systems

 

Cotton – Gram

 

Cotton + Tur (8:1) (12:2)

 

Cotton – Wheat

 

Soybean + Tur (10:1)(5:1) Soybean – Wheat

 

  Soybean – Gram

 

  Soybean – Rabi Jawar

 

  Soybean – Summer Groundnut 

 

  Hy. Jawar – Wheat

 

  Hy  Jawar – Gram

 

  Soybean – Linseed

 

  Turmeric

 

 Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

  1. Soil type
Sl. No. Agro-climatic Zone Characteristics
1 AES-I (Karanja, Aashti Seloo,Arvi) 980mm rainfall, 3 to 5% slope, medium to light soil, soil drained sandy clay loam/gravelly clay loam soils under Jowar, Cotton, Fruits and vegetables etc. 
2 AES-II (Arvi, (part), Aashti (part) 980mm rainfall, 3 to 5% slope, medium to light soils, shallow to moderately deep soil under Jowar, Cotton, Wheat, Fruits and Vegetables etc.
3 AES-III (Wardha, Deoli, Hinganghat (part) 1000 to 1200mm rainfall, medium to heavy soils under Cotton, Wheat, Jowar, Soybean, Fruits and Vegetables etc.
4 AES-IV Seloo Hinganghat Samudrapur  part 100 to 1200mm rainfall, heavy soils under cotton, soybean, wheat, fruits, vegetables etc.
5 AES-V (Samudrapur) 1200mm rainfall 1 to 3% slope, medium to heavy soils under Cotton, Soybean, Wheat, Fruits, Vegetables etc.

Topography

S. No. Agro ecological situation Characteristics
1 AES-I Rainfall-980mm

Slope-3to5%

Soil- medium

2 AES-II Rainfall-980mm

Slope-3to5%

Soil- medium

 

 

3 AES-III Rainfall-1000to

1200 mm non command

Soil- medium Heavy

4 AES-IV Rainfall-1100to 1200mm

Soil- medium to Heavy

5 AES-V

Rainfall-1200mm

Slope-1to3%

Soil- medium

 

2.3. Soil Types

S. No Soil type Characteristics Area in ha
1 AES-I

 Soil- medium

Rainfall-980mm

Slope-3to5%

 

215475
2 AES-II

Soil- medium

Rainfall-980mm

Slope-3to5%

 

17218
3 AES-III

Soil- medium Heavy

Rainfall-1000 to

1200 mm non command

 

220115
4 AES-IV

Soil- medium to Heavy

Rainfall-1100to 1200mm

 

126787
  AES-V

Soil- medium

Rainfall-1200mm

Slope-1to 3 %

 

49305

 

2.4. Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district (2017-18)

S. No Crop Area (ha) Production (MT.) Productivity (Qt./ha)
1 Cotton 240500 718900 5.08
2 Soybean 127200 150400 11.82
3 Pigeon pea 84984 128712 15.15
4 Gram 29600 33800 11.40
5 Wheat 14500 22000 15.12